Dry eye syndrome - Signs you should never ignore!

Posted in Eye Specialist

Dry eye syndrome is a common problem that occurs when the tears fail to provide adequate moisture to the eyes. However, lack of moisture is not the only reason to develop dry eyes other factors that lead to this syndrome include medicines, allergies, hormones, certain health conditions such as auto-immune disease and diabetes, and weather.


Although, there is no permanent cure for this problem; but, treatments usually help. A wide range of symptoms can warn you about dry eye syndrome at an early stage. They are including:


  • Blurred vision
  • Bloodshot or red eyes
  • Watery eyes because of the irritation that stems from dryness in the eyes
  • A burning, scratchy, and stinging sensation in the eyes
  • Uncomfortable while wearing contact lenses
  • Sensitivity towards light
  • Stringy mucus secretion in the eye
  • Vision problems during night driving
  • Eye fatigue
  • Heavy eyes in the morning.


What causes dry eyes?


Dry eye syndrome develops from either due to lack of tears to keep the eye moist, or inability to produce the right quality of tears to protect eyes and prevent evaporation. In both the cases, one has gritty, dry feeling that doesn’t go away.

The factors that cause dry eye syndrome are:


  • Age: Aging is the one reason for the insufficient production of the tears in eyes. As we grow old, our eyes fail to produce enough tears and the quality of those tears also reduces.


  • Gender: Women are more susceptible to develop dry eyes as compared to men. The exact mechanism is yet unknown why it occurs more in women, however, hormonal changes due to menopause are likely to be the cause.


  • Diet: A diet low in omega-3 essential fatty acids, or contains a high ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids has been associated with an increase in dry eye. Vitamin A deficiency is also linked to dry eye syndrome.


  • Medicines: Certain medicines such as antihistamines, antidepressants, glaucoma eye drops and treatments for overactive bladder can result in dry eye.


  • Health conditions: Dry eye is one of the symptoms of some chronic conditions, including diabetes, the autoimmune disorder Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and even acne rosacea. In addition, people having hepatitis C and thyroid problems are more susceptible to get dry eyes.