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Things you need to know about cataracts

Have you crossed 40 and suffering from blurry or cloudy vision, this could be an eye condition – cataracts. Worry not! It’s a common problem of older age and you can definitely get a treatment.

 

What are cataracts? – Cataracts are the condition when there is protein build up in the lens of your eye and result in clouding of the eye’s lens, which renders light from passing through clearly. It can lead to partial loss of your eyesight.

 

Cataracts are of four different types. They are:

  1. Age-related – mostly found in older adults.
  2. Congenital – cataracts in new-born babies is called as congenital. This may result from any injury, infection or poor development in the womb.
  3. Secondary – these are caused by other medical conditions, such as diabetes.?
  4. Traumatic – these result from an eye injury.

Things such as heavy drinking, smoking, and air pollution, can also increase the chances of getting cataracts.

 

Signs & symptoms

Symptoms usually develop slowly, which may not visible until you start to feel blocking of the light. Some of the common symptoms are:

  • Cloudy or blurry vision
  • Nearsightedness
  • Double vision
  • Troubles with glare during daytime
  • Changes in the way you differentiate between colors
  • Problems with eyeglasses or contact lenses.

 

Diagnose and treatments available

Healthcare provider will first examine how well you can see through a test and also dilate your pupil to check the lens and rest parts of your eye.

 

Treatments

If your cataracts cannot be corrected with the glasses or contacts prescribed by your doctor, then the most obvious treatment is surgery.

 

When to consider an eye surgery

You should go for surgery when cataracts have advanced to extend that it seriously impair your vision and interfere with your daily life. Cataract surgery is one of the most effective and successful in restoring vision.  

Eye care Treatment

Eye Care

Take these easy steps to keep your eyes healthy.

 

1. Eat Well

Good eye health starts with the food on your plate. Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems like macular degeneration and cataracts. To get them, fill your plate with:

  • Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and collards
  • Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish
  • Eggs, nuts, beans, and other nonmeat protein sources
  • Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices

 

2. Wear Sunglasses

The right pair of shades will help protect your eyes from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure boosts your chances of cataracts and macular degeneration. Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your eyes from the side. Polarized

3. Use Safety Eyewear

If you use hazardous or airborne materials on the job or at home, wear safety glasses or protective goggles. Sports like ice hockey, tennis, and cricket can also lead to eye injury. Wear eye protection. Helmets with protective face masks or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses will shield your eyes.

4. Look Away From the Computer Screen

Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long can cause

  • Eyestrain
  • Blurry vision
  • Trouble focusing at a distance
  • Dry eyes
  • Headaches
  • Neck, back, and shoulder pain

To protect your eyes : Make sure you don’t look at a computer screen too long. Give eyes rest in between of your work.

Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.