Why Do We Hallucinate?

Posted In: Family & Marriage Counseling     2018-02-24     38

What is a hallucination?

 

Hallucination is an experience involving the apparent perception of something that appears to be real but usually created by your mind. Your all five senses can be affected by this such as you might hear voices or noises that no one else could hear in the room except you or see something that is not present. Get all the details of the nearest pharmacy in Bangalore with Cureplus.

 

Causes of these symptoms:

 

·         Mental illness

 

This is one of the most common causes of hallucinations. Some of the examples are delirium, dementia, and schizophrenia.

 

·         Medication side effects

 

Sometimes medicines taken for physical or mental conditions can also lead to hallucinations. Medications taken for depression, psychosis, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy may stimulate hallucination.

 

·         Physical illness such as epilepsy or alcoholism

 

In some of the cases, epileptic seizures can lead you to vision bright spots or flashing shapes. A person under the influence of alcohol can also start to hallucinate.

 

·         Lack of sleep

 

Not having inadequate sleep can also result in hallucinations. You might be frequent of hallucinating if you don’t sleep for several days or don’t get enough sleep over a long period of time.


Types of hallucinations

 

Hallucinations may vary or categorized based on its effects such as a sense of smell, hearing, taste, vision, or bodily sensations.

 

·         Olfactory hallucinations

 

This type of hallucination is related to your sense of smell. You might feel that body is smell bad when you wake up in the mid of your sleep or you might smell something unpleasant odor around you when it doesn’t really exist. You can also hallucinate scents that you might find enjoyable such as the smell of flowers.

 

·         Visual hallucinations

 

These hallucinations involve visioning things that aren’t present. The hallucinations may include visual patterns, objects, patterns, or lights. For example, you might see a person who is not present in the room or flashing lights that others can’t see.

 

·         Auditory hallucinations

 

These are among the most common types of hallucination. In this, you may hear a person talking to you or asking you to certain things. The voice you hear might be angry, warm, or neutral.

 

·         Gustatory hallucinations

 

These are similar to olfactory hallucinations, but here the difference is that they involve your sense of taste than smell. These tastes are usually very strange or unpleasant. Usually found in people with epilepsy.

 

·         Tactile hallucinations

 

Tactile hallucinations are related to the feeling of touch or movement of the body such as you might feel an insect or bug crawling on your skin or your internal organs are moving around or might also feel someone’s hands on your body.

 

·         Temporary hallucinations

 

As the name suggests, these are temporary hallucinations may occur if a relationship has just ended or if someone close to you has just passed away. You might either hear the person’s voice or briefly vision his/her image.

 

How to diagnose hallucinations?

 

If you have experienced any of the given symptoms, the best thing you can do is to call your doctor right away.

 

·         Your doctor might ask more about the symptoms and also perform a physical exam.

·         Blood and urine tests can also be taken into record.

·         May be brain scan.

 

Treatment & management

 

Once your doctor figures out the actual cause of your hallucinations, she/he might be able to recommend the best suitable treatment for you.

 

Medications

 

Hallucinations’ treatment totally depends on their underlying cause, like, if you are hallucinating because of severe alcohol withdrawal, the doctor might recommend medicines to slow down your nervous system.

 

Psychological counseling

 

This could be a part of your treatment plan. If the underlying cause of hallucination is any mental condition that a person has to undergo counseling sessions.